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and imagine that we are writing history without any
presuppositions at all, when we are merely refusing to
examine our presuppositions; and it is not clear that
Marxist history is not liable to be a formidable rival to
the kind of history which the average Englishman holds
in his head. In some phases of contemporary history—
for example, in regard to the early and later years of the
Weimar republic, and in regard to the Spanish Civil
War—it is surprising to see how much of British opinion
surrendered to a distinctly Marxian interpretation of the
story, without realising that it was being guided, or
indeed that any " interpreting " was being done at all.

Many of the people who think that they have answered
the Marxian view of history seem like so many of those
who imagine that they have answered Christianity
when they have merely answered some mistaken
vulgarisations and popular errors. It is not even clear
that some of those who are half-imitators of the system—
near Marxists, pseudo-Marxists, and apostles of various
kindred interpretations—are not propounding something
inferior to the Marxian system itself, at least in some of
its higher 'formulations, and on the whole I think the
Marxian system better than its dilution in the work of
some people who half-imitate its methods. To those
who live in a certain thought-world the picture produced
by that Marxian system may even be revolting to common
sense; but it contains something that is true, something
more that for many of us should be a corrective, and
something still again that is plausible. I notice in
England that when the natural scientist is attracted to
history he is liable to be impressed by the Marxian